Trichomanes speciosum

Trichomanes speciosum Willd. (Hymenophyllaceae). Beaufort (L). © 2002 by Yves Krippel.Trichomanes speciosum Willd.
EnglishKillarney fern
FrançaisTrichomanès remarquable
DeutschPrächtiger Dünnfarn
LëtzebuergeschPrächtegen Hautfar
Class: Pteridopsida
Family: Hymenophyllaceae

Status

LRlc – lower risk least concern

Trichomanes speciosum

Description

Trichomanes speciosum sporophyteAlthough primarily a species of the UK, Ireland, Brittany and the Atlantic Islands (Canaries, Madeira and the Azores), the filmy ferm Trichomanes speciosum Willd. (Killarney fern) [Photo 1] is also found in Europe at scattered locations in other parts of France, Spain, Portugal and Italy.

The gametophytic generation of Trichomanes speciosum Willd. [Photo 2] (Syn.: Vandenboschia speciosa) can be found independently of the sporophyte and seems to be widespread in Europe – in contrast to the sporophyte. It appears however to exist in a state of arrested development, unable to produce the mature form under present conditions.

Trichomanes speciosum Willd. is listed on Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive and Appendix I of the Bern Convention. It is listed as rare on the IUCN global RDL.

Trichomanes speciosum gametophyteIn Luxembourg the independent gametophyte of Trichomanes speciosum was first discovered in 1993 [Jermy, Rasbach, Rasbach & Viane (unpubl.)]. In 1994 some new locations were found [Colling, G. & L. Reichling, 1996. – Notes floristiques 1994-1995. – Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb., 97: 25-38]. So, in late 1999 a project was launched, to investigate the sandstone region, commonly called ‘Petite Suisse’, in Luxembourg in order to fix the distribution area of the gametophyte. Many new locations of the gametophyte were found. Most of the sites occur in the ‘Petite Suisse’ area, but the independent gametophyte of Trichomanes speciosum is largely present in the whole sandstone area as far as the valley of the river Alzette. The discoveries of the gametophyte on Devonian schist showed that the species is quite widespread in the Luxembourg’s Ardennes too.

The results of the different investigations, with a description of the gametophyte, the history of its discovery, the present distribution and status in Luxembourg and the neighbouring regions can be found in following publications:

  • Krippel, Y., 2001. Aire de répartition et statut de Trichomanes speciosum Willd. (Hymenophyllaceae) au Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 102: 3-13. [PDF 551 Kb]
  • Krippel, Y., 2005. – The Hymenophyllaceae (Pteridophyta) in Luxembourg – Past, present and future. – In: Ries C. & Y. Krippel (Editors), 2005. – Sandstone Landscapes in Europe – Past, Present and Future. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sandstone Landscapes. Vianden (Luxembourg) 25-28.05.2005. – Ferrantia. Trav. Scientif. Mus. Hist. Nat. Lux. 44: 209-214.
  • Krippel, Y., 2009. – Trichomanes speciosum Willd. (Hymenophyllaceae) au G.-D. de Luxembourg, en Belgique et dans les régions avoisinantes. – Adoxa, 61: 9-13.

At present date (01/2016), more than 150 sites in 94 different square kilometres are known.

Further information

Syn.: Vandenboschia speciosa (Willd.) G. Kunkel

Pteridium aquilinum

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn (Dennstaedtiacea). Finsterthal (L). © 2000 by Yves Krippel.Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn
EnglishBracken
FrançaisFougère-aigle, grande fougère
DeutschAdlerfarn
LëtzebuergeschAdlerfar
Class: Pteridopsida
Family: Dennstaedtiacea

Status

* – not threatened

Pteridium aquilinum

Polystichum setiferum

Polystichum setiferum (Forssk.) Woynar (Dryopteridaceae). Beaufort (L). © 2002 by Yves Krippel.Polystichum setiferum (Forssk.) Woynar
EnglishSoft shield-fern
FrançaisPolystic à soies
DeutschBorstiger Schildfarn
LëtzebuergeschBuuschtege Schëldfar
Class: Pteridopsida
Family: Dryopteridaceae

Status

R – extremely rare

Polystichum setiferum

Polystichum lonchitis

Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth (Dryopteridaceae). Floitental (A). © 2003 by Pascal Holveck.Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth
EnglishHolly-fern
FrançaisPolystic en lance
DeutschLanzen-Schildfarn
LëtzebuergeschLanze-Schëldfar
Class: Pteridopsida
Family: Dryopteridaceae

Status

EN – endangered

Polystichum lonchitis

Polystichum aculeatum

Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth (Dryopteridaceae). Meysembourg (L). © 2004 by Yves Krippel.Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth
EnglishHard shield fern
FrançaisPolystic à aiguillons
DeutschGelappter Schildfarn
LëtzebuergeschGelappte Schëldfar
Class: Pteridopsida
Family: Dryopteridaceae

Status

LRlc – lower risk least concern

Polystichum aculeatum

Polypodium × mantoniae

Polypodium x mantoniae Rothm. (Polypodiaceae). herb. Krippel. © 2004 by Yves Krippel.Polypodium × mantoniae Rothm.
EnglishManton’s polypody
Françaisn/a
Deutschn/a
LëtzebuergeschManton-Séisswuerzel
Class: Pteridopsida
Family: Polypodiaceae

Status

R – extremely rare

Polypodium x mantoniae

Description

Syn.: Polypodium vulgare nothossp. mantoniae (Rothm.) Schidlay

Polypodium × mantoniae is the hybrid between P. vulgare and P. interjectum. It is considered as rare, but is probably underestimated.

Polypodium vulgare

Polypodium vulgare L. (Polypodiaceae). Esch-sur-Sûre (L). © 2002 by Yves Krippel.Polypodium vulgare L.
EnglishCommon polypody
FrançaisPolypode vulgaire
DeutschGewöhnlicher Tüpfelfarn
LëtzebuergeschGewéinlech Séisswuerzel
Class: Pteridopsida
Family: Polypodiaceae

Status

* – not threatened

No map available.

Description

Polypodium vulgare L. (s. str.)